The CERN physicists operating the Large Hadron Collider(LHC) believe that they could push their protons to higher – and yet higher – energy levels with stronger machines. The theory is based on the Lorentz electric force: F = qE (force is electric field per unit charge). As long as the protons pass through additional electric field regions, they would gain greater energy; there is no upper limit for energy according to the mechanics of special relativity. Currently, the physicists of CERN reported that they have propelled protons to energy level of 7 TeV (10¹² electron-volt). Is it true?
The belief of the CERN physicists is outdated by a hundred years. The Lorentz force law: F = q(E + vxB) was developed at about 1890. At that time, Hendriek Lorentz and others had not much information on particles that travel near light speed and they assumed that the law was true even for particles at near light speed. They were wrong. Their Lorentz force law was only a very approximate law for charge particles at low speeds. The law fails when charged particles reach near the light speed.
The so called “proof” of mass increasing with speed as founded on special relativity come from experiments such as that of the 1908 Bucherer experiment. But the interpretation of the Bucherer experiment was wrong; it was not a proof that mass increases with speed, but that the Lorentz force law (which is the underlying assumption of the experiment) was wrong – it was only an approximation. When the Lorentz law is corrected, the result would come back to the original definition of the invariant mass of Newton – the invariant quantity of matter. The author has a shortpaper which reinterpreted the Bucherer experiment to give the corrected Lorentz force law:
The Bucherer Experiment And The Lorentz Force Law:
Instead of : F = q(E + vxB), the corrected Lorentz force law is now :
F= q((1+v²/c²)√(1-v²/c²)E + √(1-v⁴/c⁴)vxB) — (I)
q is the electric charge of a particle moving at speed v; c = speed of light in vacuum; E = electric field; B=magnetic field.
The CERN physicists have their protons passing through regions after regions with strong electric fields E and think that, by such accelerations, they could accelerate their protons to ever higher levels of energy (only limited by the power of their machines) – but it is only a belief. They relied on the force equation: F=qE; so with push after push of E on the charge q, there is no limit to the pushing and so the energy of the protons have no limit – as they believe. But with the corrected law (I), we can see from the square-root factor of √(1-v²/c²) that as the speed of the protons reach near that of light speed c, the electric force become weaker and weaker. Extra pushing does not work any more as the force tends to zero; pushing becomes like we pushing against air – emptiness.
Currently, the CERN physicists reported that they have accelerated protons within the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to energy as high as of 7 TeV, moving at speed almost at light speed c(0.99995c). But none of the physicists ever measured the quoted actual energy figure of 7 TeV – it is only a figure based on their theory, from their formula. There is no known technique at present to “catch” a proton flying past at near speed of light and to determine its energy experimentally. So the CERN physicists use the “next-best-option”; they use their kinetic energy formula and compute a theoretical energy figure hoping (probably with a prayer) that it is what the energy is in reality.
If their energy formula is wrong, everything within their theory become invalidated.